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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 162726 Find in a Library
Title: Doing Justice, Doing Gender: Women in Law and Criminal Justice Occupations
Author(s): S E Martin; N C Jurik
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 278
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8039-5198-1
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book examines women as police officers, correctional officers, and lawyers and explains the many obstacles women encounter when they enter the male-dominated environment of the criminal justice system.
Abstract: Before 1972, the number of women employed in the criminal justice system as police officers, correctional officers, lawyers, and judges was small. These women were excluded from most jobs that entailed the exercise of authority over men. Women worked only as "specialists," drawing on qualities and skills associated with their gender. As part of a larger social trend in which women have entered occupations traditionally held by men, the number of women working in all parts of the criminal justice system is growing. Despite progress, however, resistance to women has been significant and they have not been completely integrated. Obstacles faced by female workers in the criminal justice system are part of larger organizational and social patterns that construct and support women's subordination to men. Women in fields numerically dominated by men face many barriers, such as exclusion from informal work cultures, hostility, organizational policies that promote gender separation, differential assignments, and sexual harassment. The organization of criminal justice occupations along gender lines is detailed, with emphasis on policing, corrections, and law. Explanations for gender inequality in the workplace are offered. The book contains chapters on the nature of police work and women's entry into law enforcement, gendered police organizations, women in the legal profession, the organizational logic of the gendered legal work, the advancement of and resistance to women in corrections, and the need for change that benefits professional women. References, notes, and tables
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Employment discrimination; Female correctional guards; Feminism; Gender issues; Police women; Sex discrimination
Note: Women and the Criminal Justice System Series
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