skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 162964 Find in a Library
Title: Use of Alcohol by Pregnant Women and Its Effects on Their Children: With an Emphasis on Children and ADHD
Journal: Corrective and Social Psychiatry and Journal of Behavior Technology Methods and Therapy  Volume:41  Issue:3  Dated:(1995)  Pages:36-41
Author(s): J L Fritz; T F McLaughlin
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 6
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Risk factors in children that result from the pregnant women's consumption of alcohol are reviewed, based on an analysis of the research literature.
Abstract: Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE) are the leading cause of mental retardation. In some children, exposure to prenatal alcohol can create behavioral problems consistent with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Conduct problems such as cheating, lying, stealing, lack of consideration, unhappiness, and poor adaptive behavior are also prevalent in adolescents with FAS. A prenatal history should include questions about alcohol and other drug use for all women, regardless of race or social class. Educational prevention should be implemented in a variety of ways. Families are also a valuable source of information and expertise regarding the needs and problems of their children. Teachers can help families cope with their children's special needs. A variety of intervention strategies have been researched and determined to be effective over the past 20-30 years. Interventions will improve behavior only when implemented correctly. 48 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Children at risk; Children of alcoholics; Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders; Juvenile delinquency prevention
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.