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NCJ Number: 163312 Find in a Library
Title: Views on the Crime Bill: A Challenge for Juvenile Justice in the 21st Century
Journal: Journal for Juvenile Justice and Detention Services  Volume:10  Issue:2  Dated:(Fall 1995)  Pages:46-48
Author(s): M S Jackson
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 3
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Federal Crime Bill signed into law in September 1994 has several major provisions that will affect juvenile delinquency; these include the prosecution of 13-year-olds in Federal court as adults for certain violent offenses and harsher penalties for gang activity.
Abstract: In addition, the clause on certainty of punishment for young offenders makes available approximately $150 million during FY1996 through 2000 to states for the development of programs designed specifically to ensure the certainty of punishment for youthful offenders. This punishment may include a greater use of juvenile detention facilities, because shock incarceration and weekend incarceration are among suggestions for use of a portion of the funds. The law provides for prevention programs such as midnight sports and after-school and in-school programs. However, the law does not stipulate provisions for treatment or rehabilitation after the youth is placed in a detention or training facility. This component is left to the States. Issues that juvenile detention centers and training schools for youthful offenders will experience as a result of the law include continued staffing problems, increasing overcrowding of facilities, and a lack of tertiary prevention. The law and others means that juvenile justice is clearly moving toward restrictive settings and away from treatment and rehabilitation, although it is likely that by the year 2000 the U.S. Supreme Court will rule on the issue of the juvenile's right to treatment. 6 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile codes
Index Term(s): Criminology; Custody vs treatment conflict; Federal Code; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile justice policies
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