skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 163406 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: User Accountability and Long-term Recidivism: A Final Report Submitted to the National Institute of Justice
Author(s): J R Hepburn
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 63
Sponsoring Agency: Arizona State University
Tempe, AZ 85281
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 94-IJ-CX-0028
Sale Source: Arizona State University
School of Justice Studies
Tempe, AZ 85281
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The long-term impact of prosecution and diversion to treatment on recidivism among drug offenders was examined using data from 7,012 Arizona offenders who were charged under the Maricopa County Demand Reduction Program from its March 1989 start through February 1991.
Abstract: The analysis focused on the relationship between offender characteristics, offense characteristics, treatment exposure, and length of time to rearrest using the followup data available in August 1995 on 98.8 percent of the offenders. The followup period ranged from 53 to 77 months, depending on when the offender entered the program. The offenders were grouped into four categories: (1) the 1,277 who were eligible for diversion and completed treatment, (2) the 493 who were eligible for diversion and failed treatment, (3) the 1,558 who were eligible for diversion but did not enter treatment, and (4) the 1,151 who were ineligible for diversion and were prosecuted. Results revealed significant differences in the recidivism among the four groups. The rate and level of failure was greater for those who failed to enter the program despite eligibility than for those who entered the program and failed to complete it. In addition, the offenders who completed treatment performed substantially better than those who entered and failed to complete treatment. Findings provide an important addition to knowledge of treatment effectiveness. Figures, tables, appended tables, and 30 references
Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
Index Term(s): Arizona; Drug offenders; Drug treatment programs; NIJ final report; Services effectiveness
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.