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NCJ Number: 163446 Find in a Library
Title: Corrections: A Picture in Black and White (From Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity, and Crime in America, P 203-227, 1996, Sabra Horne, ed. - See NCJ-163438)
Author(s): S Walker; C Spohn; M DeLone
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Belmont, CA 94002
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
20 Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter describes various disparities in the ethnic and racial makeup of the correctional system.
Abstract: The chapter examines which minority groups are overrepresented in prison, in jail, and on parole and probation, and explores the extent of minority overrepresentation in relation to federal versus state populations, regional differences, historic fluctuations, gender distinctions, and juvenile populations. This descriptive information is supplemented by a discussion of current research on discrimination in the correctional setting. The inmate social system of prisons is also discussed, in a section focusing on the influence of minority group status on prison subcultures and religion. The most salient observation about minorities and corrections is the striking overrepresentation of African Americans in prison populations. This overrepresentation is gradually increasing in new court commitments and population figures. Explanations of this rise are complex, but it may be connected with the war on drugs. Figures, tables, notes
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Corrections research; Corrections statistics; Criminal justice system analysis; Inmate statistics; Juvenile inmate statistics; Juveniles; Minorities; Parole statistics; Probation statistics
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