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NCJ Number: 163789 Find in a Library
Title: Measuring Sentencing Outcomes Through Experiments (From Sentencing & Corrections Workshop: Prepared Papers, 1996)
Author(s): D L MacKenzie
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Conference Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Debate continues within the criminal justice research and policy communities about the effectiveness of various approaches to reducing crime and ensuring public safety.
Abstract: There is a critical need for correctional research using rigorous research designs, since experiments involving the random assignment of individuals to treatment and control groups permit the clearest interpretation of cause and effect relationships. Close cooperation between researchers and practitioners and the coordination of demonstration projects and research are also important. Research findings can be maximized by increasing the level of interaction among researchers. For example, multisite projects contribute to the external validity of a study by increasing its generalizability. A further advantage of research collaboration involves the design of data collection instruments. Research should focus on changing offenders, factors related to criminal activities, the impact of prisons, and conditions of confinement. Performance standards for correctional agencies need to be developed, along with appropriate models for evaluating the environment of correctional institutions. Major challenges facing the field of corrections concern system planning and the development of new approaches to sentencing and corrections. 20 references
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Corrections research; Criminal justice research; Research methods; Sentencing/Sanctions
Note: Concept paper for the National Institute of Justice, See NCJ 163785-163790 for additional papers.
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