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NCJ Number: 163912 Find in a Library
Title: Canada's Youth Justice System -- Under Review
Journal: Forum on Corrections Research  Volume:7  Issue:1  Dated:January 1995  Pages:41-42
Author(s): M-A Kirvan
Date Published: January 1995
Page Count: 2
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: Canada's juvenile justice system was radically reformed with passage of the Young Offenders Act in 1984; this law replaced the Juvenile Delinquents Act which had remained virtually unchanged since its implementation in 1908.
Abstract: The Young Offenders Act is characterized by several fundamental principles: youth should take responsibility for their criminal acts; society should be protected from the crimes of young persons and should take steps to prevent youth crimes; and young people have the same rights as adults and require additional legal safeguards to protect those rights. Criticisms of the Young Offenders Act have surfaced, particularly with respect to the way the act deals with young offenders between 12 and 17 years of age and whether the maximum youth court sentence of 5 years is too lenient for serious violent offenses. Changes to the Young Offenders Act have been proposed that deal with the importance of crime prevention and the protection of society, an increase in the maximum youth penalty from 5 to 10 years, the transfer of youth to adult court when the charge involves serious personal injury, victim impact statements, information sharing, community-based responses to youth crime, and criminal records. 1 reference
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Canada; Corrections in foreign countries; Foreign crime prevention; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Foreign laws; Foreign offenders; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile crime control; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile offenders; Rights of minors
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