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NCJ Number: 163925 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Hair Assays and Urinalysis for Drugs of Abuse Among Juvenile Offenders: A Comparison of Two Cities Based Upon the Drug Use Forecasting Program Final Report
Author(s): T Mieczkowski; R Newel; B Wraight; S Coletti
Corporate Author: University of South Florida
Dept of Criminology
United States of America

Operation PAR, Inc.
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 800
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Operation PAR, Inc.

University of South Florida
Tampa, FL 33620
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 94-IJ-CX-0036
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from juveniles in detention facilities in Cleveland and Pinellas County (Fla.) formed the basis of an analysis of the use of hair analysis, urinalysis, and survey data collected in personal interviews to determine the prevalence of drug use among these arrestees and detainees.
Abstract: Each site used convenience samples of volunteers and followed the Drug Use Forecasting protocol. The participants included 185 juveniles in Cleveland and 241 juveniles in Pinellas County. The Florida site accepted all referrals, while the Cleveland site accepted only those apprehended less than 48 hours prior to interviewing. Results were generally consistent with the general patterns previously revealed in research on bioassays versus self-reports. The bioassays revealed more drug use than the survey interviews did, especially in Cleveland. This finding was generally true across all drugs, but was most pronounced for cocaine. Hair analysis revealed more cocaine prevalence than did urinalysis; the results for cocaine were mixed. Findings indicated that these juveniles were reluctant to report their drug use accurately, especially for cocaine. Hair analysis appears to be readily implemented in field settings, but very short hair styles may impede simple implementation. Finally, the youth in both sites have high measures of both drug abuse risk and personal adjustment problems. Tables and study instruments
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Drug abuse in correctional facilities; Drug testing; Florida; Hair and fiber analysis; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile offenders; NIJ final report; Ohio; Self-report studies; Urinalysis
Note: PDF of NIJ Research Preview is provided.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=163925

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