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NCJ Number: 164469 Find in a Library
Title: Psychologists in Criminal Proceedings: An International Comparison
Journal: Psychology, Crime & Law  Volume:2  Issue:1  Dated:(1995)  Pages:77-84
Author(s): P D Jaffe; F Koenraadt; J E M Weekers
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 8
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The process of conducting forensic mental health assessments of defendants accused of serious crimes is described and compared as it takes place in criminal justice systems in the Netherlands and in the United States (Massachusetts).
Abstract: The commission of a serious crime resulting in arrest sets in motion criminal proceedings against the accused in both the Netherlands and Massachusetts, and the law provides for distinct procedures when the defendant's mental state may influence the outcome of criminal proceedings. In the Netherlands, the court designates a behavioral expert to conduct a forensic assessment. In Massachusetts, an adversarial approach exists in which two parties, the prosecution and the defense, are in sharp dispute and even present their own evidence. Discontinuities in the forensic process in Massachusetts are noted, and the nature of multidisciplinary residential assessments in the Netherlands is discussed. The role of forensic experts in examining relevant aspects of the defendant's possible psychopathology and training for forensic mental health professionals are examined. 25 references and 9 notes
Main Term(s): World criminology
Index Term(s): Evidence identification; Expert witnesses; Foreign courts; Foreign criminal justice systems; Forensic psychology; Mental disorders; Mentally ill offenders; Netherlands; Psychological evaluation; Psychologists role in criminal justice; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons
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