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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 164644 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Toward Comprehensive Studies of HIV in Intravenous Drug Users: Issues in Treatment-Based and Street-Based Samples (From Longitudinal Studies of HIV Infection in Intravenous Drug Users: Methodological Issues in Natural History Research (Research Monograph 109), P 63-73, 1991, Peter Hartsock and Sande
Author(s): J K Watters; Y-T Cheng
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Atlanta, GA 30333
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data on the HIV status of different populations of drug abusers are presented to demonstrate the importance of considering both in-treatment and out-of-treatment populations in surveillance efforts and natural history studies.
Abstract: The research compared three categories of treatment experience in the 5 years prior to the interview: (1) no drug treatment enrollment, (2) drug treatment enrollment for a total of less than 12 months, and (3) drug treatment enrollment for a total of 12 months or more. These three groups were compared with respect to demographic characteristics, HIV antibody status, and self-reports of involvement in risk behaviors associated with HIV infection. Results revealed that blacks were less likely than whites to have had drug treatment in the past 5 years. Ninety-five percent of those with less than 12 months of treatment in the past 5 years reported multiple sexual partners in the past 5 years, compared with 78.4 percent of those reporting no treatment and 78.2 percent of those reporting 12 months or more of treatment. Those reporting any drug treatment were more likely than those reporting none to report more frequent injection of drugs in the past year. Just over 30 percent of those never treated reported no needle-sharing partners in the past year, compared with 22.3 percent of the group treated 1 year or less and 16.6 percent of the group treated for more than 12 months. Blacks and whites did not differ in HIV status among those not treated and those treated for more than 12 months. However, more blacks than whites were seropositive among those treated for 12 months or less. Findings indicated the need to include drug treatment history and untreated drug users in studies of HIV infection and associated risk factors. Tables, figure, and 14 references
Main Term(s): Drug offenders
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention; AIDS/HIV transmission; Drug abuse; Drug paraphernalia; Drug treatment
Note: DCC
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