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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 164726 Find in a Library
Title: Sentencing Guidelines: A State Perspective
Author(s): J Austin
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The impact of sentencing guidelines on sentencing disparity and prison crowding is assessed in this State-by-State analysis of sentencing practices.
Abstract: The focus is on the consequences of sentencing reform on corrections in general and on the prison system in particular. The following impacts of sentencing reform on the prison system are noted: sentence length has increased; fewer incentives exist for inmates to behave; sentencing disparity has increased; and prisons are more crowded with excessive prison terms. Fifteen States use sentencing guidelines, but most have indeterminate sentencing systems. Despite certain negative impacts of sentencing reform, determinate sentencing will likely continue; a primary reason involves the substantial costs involved for States to switch from an indeterminate to a determinate sentencing system. In actuality, States will likely move toward a blended sentencing system that combines features of both determinate and indeterminate practices.
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Determinate Sentencing; Indeterminate sentences; Mandatory Sentencing; Prison overcrowding; Sentence effectiveness; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing guidelines; Sentencing reform; Sentencing trends; State-by-state analyses
Note: NIJ Research in Progress. 57 minutes
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