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NCJ Number: 164764 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Promoting Human Capability as an Alternative to Early Crime Prevention (From Integrating Crime Prevention Strategies: Propensity and Opportunity, P 141-168, 1995, Per-Olof H Wikstrom, Ronald V. Clarke, et al, eds. -- See NCJ-164757)
Author(s): F Earls; M Carlson
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Council for Crime Prevention
S-113 21 Stockholm, Sweden
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Council for Crime Prevention
P.O. Box 1386
S-113 21 Stockholm,
Sweden
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: Sweden
Annotation: This paper focuses on human development from birth to 7 years of age and on the emergence of a range of experiences and skills that represent functional components of social reciprocity; the authors hypothesize that failure to develop social competence early in life increases the odds of deviant behavior later in life.
Abstract: Longitudinal and experimental research is characterized to highlight the current state of knowledge regarding human development and deviance. Two central questions are addressed: (1) why crime prediction is inaccurate for planning early prevention strategies; and (2) what early crime preventive interventions achieve. A crucial distinction is made between health promotion and disease prevention, and a framework is presented that encompasses principles of developmental neurobiology, social organization, and economic resources. These principles require synthesis and coordination in order to create more definitive strategies that promote human capability in general and social competence in particular. Directions for future research are noted that concern the link between early and late deprivation and antisocial behavior. 55 references, 5 notes, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Child development; Crime causes theory; Crime prediction; Criminality prediction; Deviance; Social conditions; Social organization
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