skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 164943 Find in a Library
Title: Optical and Digital Techniques for Enhancing Radiographic Anatomy for Identification of Human Remains
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:41  Issue:6  Dated:(November 1996)  Pages:947-959
Author(s): J J Fitzpatrick; D R Shook; B L Kaufman; S-J Wu; R J Kirschner; H MacMahon; L J Levine; W Maples; D Charletta
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Technical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Of a total of more than 300 radiographic identifications, only one case was observed in which radiologic adjuncts were used because the antemortem radiographs were miniaturized or because anatomical landmarks could not be clearly discerned.
Abstract: The techniques used included slide projection, photographic enlargement and enhancement, digitization, digitization with computer enhancement, and commercial digitization. In another case where identification was made by comparing antemortem and postmortem film x-rays, the films were digitized as a further evaluation of a commercial system. Digital enhancement techniques enabled the identification of human remains in cases that otherwise would have been unresolvable. Several difficulties, however, were encountered; problems included digital format incompatibilities and image artifacts introduced or aggravated by the digitization process. Future improvements in digital enhancement techniques are noted. 16 references, 1 table, and 27 figures
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations; Criminal investigation; Criminalistics; Death investigations; Evidence identification; Forensic sciences; Victim identification
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=164943

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.