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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 164969 Find in a Library
Title: People's Republic of China (From International Handbook on Juvenile Justice, P 57-79, 1996, Donald J Shoemaker, ed. -- See NCJ-164965)
Author(s): X Ren
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This overview of China's juvenile justice system describes the history of China's juvenile justice, the formal juvenile justice system, and informal practice with juveniles.
Abstract: Given the significant increase in juvenile crime in China since the economic reform, China has recently formalized its juvenile justice system by creating a juvenile court system and reorganizing institutional and noninstitutional treatment for juvenile offenders. The system still features informal processing, however, as it provides widely ranging discretionary power in adjudicating and disposing juvenile offenders. Community participation has been the chief feature of the juvenile justice system. This feature has been undermined, however, by economic forces that have taken parents from the home and caused frequent family relocations. Traditional community organizations have been weakened and have difficulty in providing counseling, persuasion, and mediation to children and families who are mobile. The broad discretionary powers of juvenile justice officials have been scrutinized by the Chinese legal community and human rights advocates. In addition, severe punishment, such as the death penalty for minors, has been criticized. It has been reported that the Legal Reform Commission of the People's Congress is reviewing a proposal to abolish the death penalty for offenders under age 18. As China moves toward modernization and industrialization, changes in family structure and the labor market will further diminish the power of the informal social control mechanism in Chinese society and increase demands for more formal control agencies to regulate human behavior. 6 tables, 1 figure, 19 notes, 41 references, and appended directory of juvenile justice and related services agencies and directors
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): China; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile courts; Juvenile processing
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