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NCJ Number: 165060 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Recidivism Is Predictable and Can Be Influenced: An Update
Journal: Forum on Corrections Research  Volume:8  Issue:3  Dated:September 1996  Pages:42-44
Author(s): D. A. Andrews
Date Published: September 1996
Page Count: 3
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: A 1989 article explored how research on risk, need, and other offender characteristics may contribute to the efficient management of offender sentences and to reductions in offender recidivism, and the current article provides an update on the risk principle and risk factors.
Abstract: The risk principle argues that treatment tends to have a greater impact on high-risk offenders than on low-risk offenders. Developments since 1989 have neither convincingly confirmed nor refuted the risk principle, although some recent research supports it. One study revealed that offender treatment resulted in greater delinquency reductions for high-risk young offenders than for low-risk young offenders. Other studies, however, concluded that low-risk offenders had a similar if not greater response to treatment than high-risk offenders. Varying research results suggest that the risk principle should remain a research priority. Over the past few years, progress has been made in understanding risk assessment issues. Major risk factors include antisocial cognitions, antisocial associates, antisocial personality complex, and a history of antisocial behavior. The risk principle helps decide who may benefit most from intensive treatment, while the need principle suggests appropriate targets for such treatment. The most effective treatment modes appear to be behavioral, with a focus on cognitive behavior and social learning. In addition, there is solid research on which to base offender assessment and treatment programs, although the empirical tradition demands that respect for established findings be tempered by healthy skepticism. 19 notes and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Inmate Programs; Inmate treatment; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile offenders; Recidivism
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