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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 165063 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Keynote Address of Laurie Robinson, Assistant Attorney General, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice at the American Correctional Association Winter Meeting, Philadelphia, Pa., January 17, 1996
Author(s): L Robinson
Corporate Author: US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Presentation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The concept of restorative justice represents a new approach that is not a quick fix to solve the crime problem but that has the ability to help bring change and make a difference.
Abstract: Dissatisfaction with crime control in the United States is longstanding. Fear of crime remains high despite declining crime rates in much of the country. Restorative justice represents a return to a personal form of justice established centuries ago and based on the concept of making the offender repay the victim. The restorative model differs from the current retributive model in three ways. It changes the focus from the government to the victim while still requiring offender accountability. It changes from an adversarial process in which victims and offenders are passive to a model in which both victims and offenders are active and involved. Finally, the outcome sought in restorative justice is to right the wrong and repair the damage as the critical measure of justice; incarceration may be required for public safety, but it does not relieve the offender of the obligation to repay the victim or perform community service to compensate for the societal impact of crime. Programs with restorative justice components include orders of restitution, performance of community service, and community-based victim-offender mediation. Available research demonstrates the value and limits of restorative justice at various stages of the justice process, including law enforcement, prosecution, the courts, sentencing, victim impacts. Corrections professionals have a critical role in educating elected officials about restorative justice and the practical realities and limitations of current approaches.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Community service programs; Corrections policies; Restitution; Victim-offender reconciliation
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