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NCJ Number: 165092 Find in a Library
Title: Genesis of Adolescent Risk-Taking: Pathways Through Family, School, and Peers
Author(s): T J Wade; A Brannigan
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 36
Sponsoring Agency: Ontario Ministry of Health
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study tested the effects of family structure, family attachment, school attachment, and peer attachment on a generalized form of risk-taking behavior.
Abstract: The authors empirically examined the General Theory of Crime by Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990), with revisions suggested by the work of Sampson and Laub (1993). The generalized form of risk-taking behavior examined in the current study included elements of delinquency, including theft and assault, as well as tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, and hard drug use. Data were obtained from a single stratified sample of 1,075 students in Canada in grades 7, 9, 11, and 13. The findings are generally consistent with Sampson and Laub's approach to the General Theory of Crime. Family structure has an indirect effect on risk-taking. Family attachment has a direct effect on risk-taking, but risk-taking is also independently associated with peers (positively) and school attachment (negatively). The most interesting finding is that the effect of family attachment on risk-taking is moderated by both school and peer involvement. When family attachment is low, school attachment inhibits risk-taking, and strong peer attachment reinforces it. This suggests a role for social capital beyond the family -- both positive and negative -- in the production of risky behavior during adolescence. 2 tables, 4 figures, and 34 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Foreign criminal justice research; Parent-Child Relations; Peer influences on behavior; School influences on crime
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Chicago, November 1996.
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