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NCJ Number: 165115 Find in a Library
Title: Diverting Drug Offenders to Treatment: Year Two of DTAP Expansion
Author(s): D Young; D Cocoros; T Ireland
Corporate Author: Vera Institute of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 71
Sponsoring Agency: Vera Institute of Justice
New York, NY 10279
Sale Source: Vera Institute of Justice
233 Broadway, 12th Floor
New York, NY 10279
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An analysis of the second year of a program in Kings County (N.Y.) to divert drug offenders from prison to a long-term, community-based residential drug treatment program revealed continued success in placing and keeping the defendant participants in the program.
Abstract: The Brooklyn district attorney developed and implemented the Drug Treatment Alternative-to-Prison (DTAP) in 1990. The program was expanded to Manhattan and Queens, N.Y. in 1992. DTAP targets defendants with prior nonviolent felony convictions and places them in highly structured therapeutic communities. It takes advantage of the severity of the charges to pressure offenders to stay in treatment. Defendants who fail in DTAP face severe, mandatory minimum prison terms of 1.5 years or more. The program also includes an enforcement component. Data from the program reveal that DTAP programs have retention rates that are at least 1.5 times higher than rates in comparable treatment programs. Sixty-five percent of the 463 persons admitted during the study period remained in treatment at the close of the reporting period. Retention rates are similar across the more than 24 treatment sites. Factors related to retention include being older, having more education, having a better employment history, less self-reported crime and drug offenses, no recent physical or emotional abuse, no history of psychological problems, and negative perceptions of prison. Figures, tables, footnotes, and 60 references
Main Term(s): Drug offenders
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Drug treatment programs; New York; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
Note: DCC
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