skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 165330 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Preventing Drug Use Among Youth Through Community Outreach: The Military's Pilot Programs
Author(s): J P Caulkins; N Fitzgerald; K Model; H L Willis
Corporate Author: Rand Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 152
Sponsoring Agency: Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
US Dept of Defense
Washington, DC 20301
Contract Number: MDA903-90-C-0004
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8330-1618-0
Sale Source: Rand Corporation
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Pilot outreach programs conducted by the military to reduce the demand for illicit drugs among youth were evaluated with respect to their effectiveness.
Abstract: Information was collected by means of site visits; telephone interviews with program administrators, staff, participating youth, parents, and community leaders; a literature review; background research; and supporting calculations. Results revealed that the 12 programs varied immensely in size, location, focus, intensity, and funding. The programs were implemented successfully. Most cost the Office of the Secretary of Defense between $100 and $600 per youth per iteration or year. Programs' self-evaluations of cost per youth generally included only direct costs and did not include overhead costs of preparing and administering the programs. Mentoring and tutoring programs cost the least but used the most volunteer hours. Data were not available to determine the programs' effects on juvenile drug use, although they did permit estimates of how effective they would have to be for the projected reduction in social cost to outweigh the program cost. The programs appear to have had a modest impact on readiness, but these effects may have been partially offset by modest positive effects in morale, community relations, and other factors. Expanding the program by a factor of 20 would reach 200,000 youths and cost $100 million. Findings indicated that the six features that should be considered in establishing or expanding such programs. Among these are reliance on volunteers and modest size of individual programs. Tables, figure, and 79 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Drug prevention programs; US Armed Forces; Volunteer programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.