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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 165495 Find in a Library
Title: Removing Juveniles From Adult Jails: The Unfinished Agenda (From American Jails: Public Policy Issues, P 216-226, 1991, Joel A Thompson and G Larry Mays, eds. -- See NCJ-165482)
Author(s): I M Schwartz
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Nelson-Hall Publishers
Chicago, IL 60606
Sale Source: Nelson-Hall Publishers
111 North Canal Street
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After a brief review of the history of removing children from adult correctional facilities, this chapter considers the Federal Government's role in removing juveniles from adult jails and lockups and offers recommendations for addressing this problem.
Abstract: Although there is a critical shortage of jail space for adult offenders, approximately 1,700 jail beds are occupied on any day by juveniles, who, by and large, are not serious law violators. They are youth who could be released without significantly increasing the risk to the community, provided that objective detention intake criteria are used and appropriate community-based alternatives are provided. Moreover, juvenile jailing could be eliminated if these options were combined with the development of secure detention facilities for those youth who pose a clear and substantial threat to the community. The most effective way to eliminate the jailing of juveniles is to enact legislation that prohibits the practice under any circumstances. Experience has also shown that there are a variety of policies and community-based alternatives to jailing that can be used without increasing the risk to the community. A comprehensive needs assessment should be conducted to determine how many secure beds may be needed in a particular jurisdiction or jurisdictions for those dangerous juveniles who require secure detention.
Main Term(s): Juveniles in adult facilities
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Jails; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile detention reform
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