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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 165689 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Crime Statistics: Good News or Bad News?
Author(s): J Travis
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Presentation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Juvenile violence is discussed, with emphasis on the need for innovation, creative problemsolving, and partnerships between government agencies at all levels to address the issues of guns, drugs, and gangs.
Abstract: The United States has experienced a sharp increase and now a sharp decrease in violent crime, while property crime rates have been steadily declining for more than 20 years. Criminal behavior peaks in the late teenage years. After 15 years of relative stability, the homicide rate for defendants 18 and younger doubled between 1985 and 1992. During the same period, the arrest rate for minority juveniles for drug law offenses more than doubled. Crack cocaine, the use of guns by low-level drug dealers, and juvenile involvement in gangs explain much of the increase in juvenile violence. By the year 2005, the number of youths ages 14-17 will increase by 14 percent; greater percentage increases will occur among minorities living in cities. However, juvenile crime has declined substantially in the last two years. The most pressing challenge is to keep youths from obtaining or using guns. Research has also demonstrated that drug treatment, particularly under criminal justice coercion, can reduce drug use and crime. Research is also increasing understanding of the criminogenic impact of gangs, and Federal and State initiatives are addressing the problems of youth violence and gangs. Efforts focusing on early childhood and victims of child abuse and neglect are also needed.
Main Term(s): Juvenile statistics
Index Term(s): Criminology; Drug Related Crime; Gang Prevention; Interagency cooperation; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Violence prevention
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Speech to the New York University Alumni Association, April 10, 1997
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