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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 165723 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Long-Term Impact of AIDS-Preventive Interventions for Delinquent and Abused Adolescents
Journal: Adolescence  Volume:31  Issue:122  Dated:(Summer 1996)  Pages:409-421
Author(s): V Slonim-Nevo; W F Auslander; M N Ozawa; K G Jung
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: MH45306
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether cognitive/behavioral interventions that produced immediate changes in AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and intentions for coping with AIDS-risk situations among delinquents and abused adolescents are capable of producing long-term benefits assessed at 9-12 months after intervention.
Abstract: Adolescents (n=218) from 15 residential centers received an intensive nine-session HIV prevention program. The residential centers were randomly assigned to three groups: skills training, discussion-only, and control group. The two experimental groups participated in nine sessions delivered over a 3-week period. The substantive content of the skills training and discussion groups were identical, and both were based on cognitive-behavioral principles; however, the methods of delivering the material were different. The outcome variables included measurement of adolescents' knowledge, attitudes, reported intentions to cope with AIDS-risk situations, and behaviors related to AIDS. To assess adolescents' report of engagement in unsafe activities, five types of risky sexual behaviors were examined. For all of the behaviors, the respondents stated how often they had engaged in each activity in the last 3 months. Results show that one intervention model, discussion groups, produced a long-term increase in knowledge about AIDS and higher reported intentions to cope with AIDS-risk situation; however, neither skills- training nor discussion groups produced a long-term reduction in the level of engagement in high-risk behaviors. Several reasons for these results are discussed, with emphasis on an explanation based on the theoretical perspective of life chances or life options. 2 tables and 21 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile health services
Index Term(s): Abused children; AIDS/HIV education; AIDS/HIV prevention
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