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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 165787 Find in a Library
Title: Choice 1, Deterrence Effect: Getting Tougher With Young Criminals (From Kids Who Commit Crimes: What Should Be Done About Juvenile Violence? P 8-12, 1994, Keith Melville, ed. - See NCJ-165785)
Corporate Author: National Issues Forums
United States of America
Editor(s): K Melville
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
Dubuque, IA 52004
National Issues Forums
Dayton, OH 45459
Sale Source: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
4050 Westmark Drive
P.O. Box 1840
Dubuque, IA 52004
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of the causes and prevention of juvenile delinquency argues that juvenile crime is more serious today than in the past because society has not punished juvenile offenders harshly enough.
Abstract: Punishment teaches a moral lesson, regardless of the offender's age. It is a reminder that rules are fundamentally important and that brutal actions will not be tolerated. However, current juvenile sentences are often ludicrously out of proportion to the crime. New York's maximum sentence for the common juvenile crime of group robbery in the second degree is 3 years, compared to 15 years for an adult. About 5 percent of young violent offenders are tried as adults, but they are most often sentenced as juveniles. Advocates of harsher approaches favor shock incarceration programs for nonviolent first-time offenders, trying more juvenile offenders as adults, and enacting tougher laws for repeat offenders. Critics of this approach argue that increased harshness is ineffective, that advocates mistakenly assume that juvenile offenders are calculators who can be deterred, that harsher approaches undermine the premise on which the juvenile justice was created, and that it diverts both energy and resources from prevention efforts. Photographs and illustrations
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Juvenile justice policies; Punishment; Violence causes; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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