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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 165931 Find in a Library
Title: Challenge Activity B
Author(s): B Feld; P Puritz; R E Shepherd Jr
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: OJP-94-C-004
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reviews Challenge Activity B under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 as reauthorized in 1992; this activity pertains to the development and adoption of policies and programs to provide access to counsel for all juveniles in the justice system to ensure that juveniles consult with counsel before waiving the right to counsel.
Abstract: The 1992 reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 added Part E, State Challenge Activities, to the programs funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The purpose of Part E is to provide initiatives for States participating in the Formula Grants Programs to develop, adopt, and improve policies and programs in one or more of 10 specified Challenge areas. In focusing on Challenge Activity B, this paper first reviews a juvenile's due process rights as manifested under the 1967 landmark Supreme Court case of In re Gault. The authors advise that research in the area of access to counsel for juvenile offenders has raised concerns that the rights defined in the Gault decision have not been fully extended to juveniles. Researchers have repeatedly found low percentages of legal representation in juvenile courts across the Nation. This paper outlines strategies to ensure juveniles access to counsel and then profiles 10 promising approaches. Some of the characteristics shared by the programs are the creative use of Federal, State, local, and private funding sources; commitment to manageable caseloads; excellent training and supervision; the innovative use of law and other graduate students; strong community involvement; and an interagency "team" approach to cases. A 37-item bibliography, 9 resource organizations, and 21 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile due process
Index Term(s): Juvenile court procedures; Right to counsel; Rights of minors
Note: From Challenge Activities Program Areas.
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