skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 166006 Find in a Library
Title: Kids, Cops, and Colour: The Social Organization of Police- Minority Youth Relations (From Not a Kid Anymore: Canadian Youth, Crime, and Subcultures, P 283-308, 1996, Gary M O'Bireck, ed. -- See NCJ-165997)
Author(s): R Neugebauer-Visano
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Nelson Canada
Scarborough, Ontario M1K 5G4, Canada
Sale Source: Nelson Canada
1120 Birchmount Road
Scarborough, Ontario M1K 5G4,
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study examines the relationship between minority youth and the Toronto police (Canada).
Abstract: The material in this chapter is part of a larger, ongoing 5- year longitudinal project designed to track developing relations between police and various ethno-racial communities. This specific study of police-minority youth relations incorporates a multi-method design that includes informal interviews with youths conducted between May 1994 and February 1995 in Metropolitan Toronto and York Region; observations at community centers; street-corner transactions; and structured diaries. The sample consisted of 63 youths, 37 of whom were black and 26 white. Forty-two of the participants were boys between 15 and 18; 21 were girls aged 16 to 19. Findings show that all youths reported varying degrees of police harassment; and all youths were suspicious of police. White and black youths agreed that the level of police abuse (physical and verbal) was related to the race of the youth. This study confirms Bolaria and Li's (1988) findings that black youths feel categorized as a problem group by the police, who are more likely to question or arrest them; that the police use excessive physical violence in their dealings with black suspects; and that the police perpetrate popular rumors about the behaviors of youth. Police reform is long overdue; however, better training of police as well as the recruitment and promotion of nonwhites cannot by itself eliminate institutional racism, the roots of which are embedded in the culture and socioeconomic conditions. 37 references
Main Term(s): Police juvenile relations
Index Term(s): Community policing; Foreign police; Police-minority relations; Racial discrimination
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.