skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 166132 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of the Relative Humidity and Temperature on the Efficiency of the ESDA (Electrostatic Detection Apparatus) Process
Journal: International Journal of Forensic Document Examiners  Volume:2  Issue:3  Dated:(July/September 1996)  Pages:209-213
Author(s): F D'Andrea; W D Mazzella; A Khanmy; P Margot
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 5
Type: Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A laboratory that could be hygrostatically and thermostatically controlled was used to test the effects of relative humidity and temperature on indentation detection by ESDA (Electrostatic Detection Apparatus).
Abstract: Many authors (3 to 10) have observed that the relative humidity and temperature greatly influenced the results obtained with ESDA. This study used an isothermally and hygrostatically controlled laboratory to test parameters independently to standardize and optimize the technique. Some of the ESDA trials were repeated several times on different days to check the reproducibility of the results, which constitutes the compilation of 300 tests altogether. Temperature was found to have little effect except on one type of paper and may, therefore, be ignored as a factor in most cases (laboratory temperature conditions are adequate). Relative humidity, on the other hand, must be controlled, since it drastically affects detection. An environment of 40 percent or 75 percent relative humidity are not satisfactory. The use of a humidifying chamber is also of little use if the detection is conducted under widely different, much dryer laboratory conditions. Sixty-five percent relative humidity for 1 hour was found to be optimal for 15 different papers tested, with the instrumentation also kept at 65 percent relative humidity. The document is maintained at 20 degrees C. and 65 percent humidity for 1 hour and processed under these conditions in a humidity-controlled room. The paper quickly adjusts to the environmental conditions. 3 figures and 12 references
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Document analysis; Paper analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.