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NCJ Number: 166205 Find in a Library
Title: Crime and Conflict: Homicide in Evolutionary Psychological Perspective (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 22, P 51-100, 1997, Michael Tonry, ed. -- See NCJ-166203)
Author(s): M Daly; M Wilson
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 50
Sponsoring Agency: University of Chicago Press
Chicago, IL 60637
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Criminological theories are usually framed in sociological terms but always entail psychological assumptions; psychological accounts, in turn, involve assumptions about the adaptive design of evolved mental mechanisms and processes.
Abstract: Explicit attention to recent theory and research on psychology and evolution can sometimes help criminologists generate productive hypotheses and avoid blind alleys. Homicide research illustrates this contention in that interpersonal conflicts are engendered by interactions among individuals whose psychological states have evolved through natural and sexual selection to make them effective competitors and effective nepotists (kin-benefactors). These considerations suggest numerous testable hypotheses about who is likely to kill, for example, and how the demography of homicide perpetration and victimization may vary among victim-killer relationships. An evolutionary psychological perspective is employed to criticize recent criminological discussions of sex differences and age patterns in criminal offending, theories that contrast rational choice with emotional or impulsive behavior, and the medicalization of antisocial behavior as a pathology. 175 references, 1 table, and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Criminology theory evaluation
Index Term(s): Crime Causes; Criminal justice research; Homicide causes; Psychological research; Psychological theories; Violence causes
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