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NCJ Number: 166324 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Review and Critique of Empirical Studies of Rape Avoidance
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:24  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1997)  Pages:177-204
Author(s): S E Ullman
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: MH-15750
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Published studies of rape avoidance are reviewed to evaluate the scientific basis for rape avoidance advice, and results are evaluated in light of conceptual and methodological limitations of the literature.
Abstract: Evidence consistently suggests the effectiveness of forceful resistance strategies to avoid rape. Few studies, however, have analyzed resistance within social and situational contexts of rape to provide situation-specific information about rape avoidance. Larger, representative community studies are needed in which a broader range of situational factors, resistance strategies, and assault outcomes are assessed. Interactions between contextual factors such as preassault alcohol use and the link between the victim-offender relationship and offense behavior should be tested, and data on the sequential ordering of offender attack and victim resistance should be analyzed to enhance prediction of the probability of completed rape and physical injury to victims. Assault-related variables are noted, such as assault location, time of day, weapon presence, environmental interventions, offender aggression, and victim resistance. Specific recommendations for future research on rape avoidance are offered. 78 references and 1 table
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures; Rape prevention programs; Rape research; Sexual assault victims; Victim resistance to attack
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=166324

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