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NCJ Number: 166452 Find in a Library
Title: AD/HD Substance Abuse and Crime
Journal: Attention!  Dated:(Winter 1996)  Pages:26-32
Author(s): H K Wexler; M McClelland
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 7
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article explores how attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is related to substance abuse and conduct disorders, and how the combination can affect criminal behavior in adolescents and adults.
Abstract: Current research suggests that AD/HD may be a risk factor for substance abuse. Children with AD/HD are often more difficult to control and discipline and may elicit negative behavior from parents. Negative parenting styles can, in turn, contribute to the development of conduct disorders at an earlier age and an increase in the severity of later problems including substance abuse and criminal behavior. Pharmacological treatment strategies for children and adolescents with AD/HD and substance abuse include psychostimulants such as Ritalin and Cylert. Non-pharmacological approaches include psychotherapy and counseling designed to improve social skills and competence, psychoeducational groups, family intervention, contingency management, and cognitive-behavioral therapies. The article includes information for parents on recognizing the signs of AD/HD in their children as well as suggested preventive actions and ways to help children who are either demonstrating risk signs or having legal problems. References
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Attention deficit disorder (ADD); Crime Causes; Domestic relations; Drug abuse; Drug abuse causes; Hyperactive children; Juveniles; Neurological disorders; Parent-Child Relations; Parental influence; Problem behavior
Note: DCC
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