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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 166461 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Statutory and Constitutional Protection of Victims' Rights: Implementation and Impact on Crime Victims: Final Report
Author(s): D. Beatty; S. Smith Howley; D. G. Kilpatrick
Corporate Author: National Ctr for Victims of Crime
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 200
Sponsoring Agency: National Ctr for Victims of Crime
Washington, DC 20036
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-K003
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A review of laws on victims' rights and surveys of more than 1,300 crime victims, 145 local criminal justice and victim service professionals, and State policy leaders and victim advocates formed the basis of an analysis of the implementation of statutory and constitutional rights for crime victims.
Abstract: The statutory analysis focused on four core issue areas: rights of victims to be notified, to be present, and to be heard in the criminal justice process and the right to restitution from the offender. The research aimed to test the hypotheses that the strength of statutory protection would have a measurable impact on how crime victims were treated within the State, that crime victims in States with strong protection would have more favorable experiences than victims in other States, and that professionals from States with strong protection would have greater awareness of victims rights issues than their counterparts in other States. Results largely confirmed each hypothesis. Crucial factors through which victim policy is translated into practice include the laws themselves, the knowledge and motivation of the implementing officials, the availability of resources, and the motivation of officials. Findings also suggested ways to enhance the effectiveness of the laws and their implementation. Figures, tables, footnotes, and appended study instruments and biographies of project working group members
Main Term(s): Victims rights
Index Term(s): State laws; Victim reactions to the Criminal Justice System; Victim services
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