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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 166582 Find in a Library
Title: Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1995 Executive Summary
Author(s): J J Stephan
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document summarizes a report that presents statistics on the numbers, capacities, types, security levels, inmate populations, correctional employees, and other characteristics of State and Federal adult correctional institutions and community-based facilities on June 30, 1995.
Abstract: The census revealed that the number of facilities in operation increased from 1,287 at midyear 1990, when the last census was conducted, to 1,500 at midyear 1995. The States operated 1,375 facilities, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons operated 125 facilities. Each year the rated capacity of State facilities expanded an average of 6.9 percent. In 1995, the capacity was almost 910,000. Community-based facilities accounted for about 20 percent of all facilities in both 1990 and 1995. The number of inmates in State and Federal correctional facilities increased an average of 7.4 percent a year, from 715,649 in 1990 to 1,023,572 in 1995. Inmates committed more assaults against staff and other inmates in 1995 than in 1990, but the rate of assault declined slightly. The number of employees in correctional facilities totaled 264,201 in 1990 and 347,320 at midyear 1995. Nearly two-thirds of all correctional personnel were in custody or security positions. Additional statistics cover inmate characteristics, facility security levels, court orders, female staff, and the race of staff. Tables, figures, and order form
Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
Index Term(s): Correctional facility surveys; Correctional personnel; Court ordered institutional reform; Federal correctional facilities; Inmates; Prison construction; Prison overcrowding; State correctional facilities
Note: Bureau of Justice Statistics Executive Summary
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