skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 166658 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Gang Involvement in Drug Trafficking Homicides: "Common Knowledge" Is Wrong
Journal: Juvenile Justice Update  Volume:3  Issue:2  Dated:(April/May 1997)  Pages:1-2,10-12
Author(s): J C Howell
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 5
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews studies of the relationship between youth gang homicides and drug trafficking.
Abstract: The studies reviewed show that traditional youth gangs are distinct from more highly organized adult criminal gangs or networks that exist to market narcotics. It does not appear that the street groups extensively involved in criminal activities emerged from traditional youth gangs that existed before the crack cocaine epidemic in Hispanic and African-American communities. Youth gang homicide studies uniformly suggest that violent gang activities and narcotics trafficking should be viewed as separate, important risk factors for homicide rather than as interrelated co-factors. Thus, it cannot be said that youth gangs were the main instrument in the spread of the crack cocaine epidemic. Gang-member migration for drug trafficking purposes has largely been limited to a short radius from the gangs' home turf. Nor has gang involvement in drug trafficking contributed significantly to the increase in gang homicides, except in isolated cases; rather, gang homicides are primarily endemic to everyday gang life.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Drug Related Crime; Drug smuggling; Homicide; Juvenile gang behavior patterns
Note: Based on a 1997 report by the author entitled, "Youth Gang Homicides and Drug Trafficking."
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=166658

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.