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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 166790 Find in a Library
Title: Involvement of Drugs in Driving in Canada: An Update to 1994
Journal: Canadian Society of Forensic Science  Volume:29  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1996)  Pages:93-98
Author(s): W K Jeffery; K W Hindmarsh; P W Mullen
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 6
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English; French
Country: Canada
Annotation: Data from 1,158 cases submitted to the drugs and driving database maintained by the Drugs and Driving Committee of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science provided information on the main drugs involved in impaired driving and fatal traffic accidents in Canada.
Abstract: The analysis focused on drugs other than alcohol and covered cases as of November 12, 1994. The cases included 767 impaired driving cases and 391 cases involving fatalities. Results revealed that the major drug classifications reported for impaired driving and fatal traffic accidents are benzodiazepines, marijuana, stimulants, opioids, and barbiturates. The most frequently reported drug in each group was diazepam, THC, cocaine, codeine, and butalbital, respectively. Alcohol was frequently detected in combination with these drugs. Findings indicated that the involvement of drugs in driving is possibly a significant factor reducing highway safety in Canada. Drugs that should be targeted for drug education purposes include diazepam, marijuana, cocaine, codeine, and butalbital. Tables and 7 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Canada; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drug prevention programs; Foreign crime prevention; Highway safety
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