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NCJ Number: 166885 Find in a Library
Title: Why Are Crime Rates Declining? An NCCD Briefing Report
Author(s): J Austin; R L Cohen
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 55
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Washington, DC 20005
Sale Source: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
1325 G Street, NW
Suite 770
Washington, DC 20005
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data on violent crime are presented and analyzed, with emphasis on probable reasons for the 5-percent decline in the numbers of violent crimes reported to police between the first 6 months of 1994 and the first 6 months of 1994.
Abstract: The data from the Uniform Crime Reports revealed that homicides declined by 12 percent; the decline was limited to a few major cities, while other major cities reported either increases or virtually no change in homicides. In addition, the decline was limited to just the second quarter of 1995; overall crime increased 1 percent in the first quarter. Furthermore, while recent crime rates have declined, they are still much higher than in the 1960's. Nevertheless, both the Uniform Crime Reports and the National Crime Victimization Survey reveal either declines or stabilization in crime rates since 1980. The declines have been attributed to criminal justice policies; demographic changes, particularly in gender and age; and other social and economic factors. All the trends reveal that what causes crime rates to increase and decrease is a complex issue and that the solution to the crime problem must be multifaceted. Figures, tables, reprint of paper on youth violence, and handouts from a March 1, 1996 congressional briefing by Tony Fabelo, Executive Director of the Criminal Justice Policy Council
Main Term(s): Crime Statistics
Index Term(s): Violence causes; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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