skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 166894 Find in a Library
Title: Social Context of Substance Use Among African American Youth: Rural, Urban and Suburban Comparisons
Journal: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education  Volume:41  Issue:3  Dated:(Spring 1996)  Pages:68-85
Author(s): M P Dawkins
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 18
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Black youth in urban and suburban settings were compared with black youth in rural settings with respect to their perceptions and behaviors related to alcohol and other drugs.
Abstract: The data came from a subsample of 3,009 African Americans who took part in the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 and followups in 1990 and 1992. Results revealed that overall, drug abuse is perceived as a relatively serious problem at school; alcohol or illegal drugs were rated among the top three problems at school by youth in eighth grade. In addition, by the 12th grade most adolescents had tried alcohol, and a substantial proportion had used marijuana. Early drug use and peer influence were major determinants of later drug use within each context. However, some important differences existed in the prediction of alcohol and marijuana use within each social context. Findings suggest the need to take into account the relative importance of selective sociodemographic, risk factors, and protective factors for drug use within different settings. Tables and 42 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Black/African Americans; Rural urban comparisons
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.