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NCJ Number: 166902 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Opportunities for Enhancing Drug Abuse Treatment With Criminal Justice Authority (From NIDA Monograph 106, P 328-337, 1991)
Author(s): C G Leukefeld
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationship between drug treatment and the criminal justice system is reviewed, with emphasis on the large number of drug users who come into contact with the criminal justice system and the opportunities for using criminal justice authority to enhance drug treatment.
Abstract: Drug treatment for Federal inmates began in the 1930's. In 1966, Congress enacted a Federal civil commitment program modeled after the California and New York programs. Another milestone in the area of linking drug treatment with the criminal justice system is Treatment Alternatives to Street Crime (TASC), which implemented a case management approach in 128 communities. Recent data support previous findings indicating that a high proportion of arrestees and inmates regularly use drugs other than alcohol. Several opportunities exist for improving the role of the criminal justice system to enhance drug treatment. The criminal justice system provides a setting for identifying persons needing drug treatment. In addition, probation and parole can use drug testing, treatment exposures, and incarceration as well as other court sanctions to keep drug abusers in treatment and reduce drug use. Moreover, a working relationship with criminal justice agencies can enhance treatment. Furthermore, civil commitment can reduce intravenous drug abuse, although it should not be considered a panacea. Finally, court referral to drug treatment generally increases retention in treatment, and linking drug treatment and the criminal justice system can help disrupt the addiction life cycle and decrease drug abuse. 36 references
Main Term(s): Drug treatment
Index Term(s): Civil commitment; Corrections policies; Involuntary treatment; Medicolegal considerations
Note: DCC
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