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NCJ Number: 167081 Find in a Library
Title: Substance Use Among Adolescents: Fulfilling a Need State
Journal: Adolescence  Volume:31  Issue:124  Dated:(Winter 1996)  Pages:807-815
Author(s): A G Mainous III; C A Martin; M J Oler; E T Richardson; A S Haney
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the feeling state of need fulfillment and how this may relate to adolescent substance use.
Abstract: A survey of 823 students was conducted at a suburban public high school in the southeastern United States. The questionnaire contained a scale that focused on the fulfillment of adolescent needs, the Children's Depression Inventory, and items on current substance use. The results of t-tests showed that the higher the adolescent is on the Need scale, the greater the likelihood of engaging in substance use. Further, results indicated that cigarette smoking, drinking alcohol, and smoking marijuana are associated with significantly higher scores on the Need scale for both males and females. Although the Need scale was significantly positively correlated with the Children's Depression Inventory, the two feeling states were not collinear; however, the Need scale was not significantly correlated with age, indicating that the need state is not simply a developmental process. The results suggest that a feeling state of unfulfilled needs may propel adolescents into the destructive behavior of substance use. A state of high wants and needs that cannot be gratified simply in a complex society may be a precursor of substance use. 1 figure, 2 tables, and 17 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Drug abuse causes; Juvenile drug abusers
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