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NCJ Number: 167146 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Psychological Patterns of Depression and Suicidal Behavior of Adolescents in a Juvenile Detention Facility
Journal: Journal for Juvenile Justice and Detention Services  Volume:12  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1997)  Pages:18-23
Author(s): D E Mace; P Rohde; V Gnau
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: MH49441
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A total of 555 detained youths were tested, 80 of which had extensive diagnostic interviews, in an effort to determine the social and psychological relationship between depression, suicidal behavior, and misconduct; implications for screening high-risk juveniles, the comorbidity of other mental health issues, and their relevance to treatment planning is discussed.
Abstract: The research was conducted by the Oregon Research Institute, which collected data between November 1992 and July 1995 at the Skipworth Juvenile Home. The study concludes that when the percentages of lifetime suicidal ideations of 31.6 percent for males and 51.1 percent for females is reviewed with the previous history of suicide attempts of 15.1 percent for males and 39.8 percent for females, it is clear that adolescents in a juvenile detention facility are at high risk for self-destructive behavior. The fact of being in a juvenile detention facility, in and of itself, is likely a more sensitive indicator for the potential of suicide than standardized screening devices used in the general community. It is therefore necessary to develop screening instruments that are specific to the dynamics of this population of juveniles. The identification of current suicidal ideations as well as the potential for an attempt within detention is necessary for a proactive approach to this problem. The authors advise that there continue to be obstacles in attempts to better understand the problems presented by depression and suicidal behavior within closed custody. Suggestions for further research are offered. 5 tables and 7 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile psychological evaluation
Index Term(s): Juvenile detention; Juvenile inmates; Juvenile mental health services; Juvenile suicide; Mental disorders
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