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NCJ Number: 167147 Find in a Library
Title: Examining the Liability Issues of Suicides in Juvenile Detention Facilities
Journal: Journal for Juvenile Justice and Detention Services  Volume:12  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1997)  Pages:24-29
Author(s): D L Ross
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 6
Type: Training (Aid/Material)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article analyzes liability for negligence in failing to prevent suicides in juvenile detention facilities; standards of liability under State tort law are discussed, and policy recommendations are presented.
Abstract: It is evident that juvenile detention staff have a broad range of custodial care over the youths in their care. A review of State tort actions shows that negligence can arise when staff fail to provide a level of care owed to youths in their charge, and a "special duty" emerges in those instances that are foreseeable. When these conditions exist, staff are required to take special precautions to prevent suicides. Administrators and detention personnel must take a proactive stance in reducing the risk of suicide in their facilities. Detention administrators and staff should adopt a suicidal plan that complies with State standards and incorporates certain features. The suicidal policy/plan should direct staff in their responsibilities for intervention with youth, from reception through the duration of the juveniles' confinement. Training should be developed and provided for staff in the areas of policy and the screening instrument. Further, protocol should be established for properly classifying youth into various types of housing while incarcerated; and operational plans should be developed to guide staff in responding to a suicidal attempt or a completed suicide. 9 references and 8 cases cited
Main Term(s): Juvenile suicide
Index Term(s): Inmate suicide; Juvenile detention; Juvenile suicide; Legal liability
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