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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 167215 Find in a Library
Title: Cross-National Crime Data: Some Unaddressed Problems
Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice  Volume:19  Issue:1  Dated:(1996)  Pages:95-112
Author(s): J L Neapolitan
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 18
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Cross-national crime data were examined with respect to their differences in nature and sources and whether these differences affect explanatory research that associates relevant independent variables with crime rates.
Abstract: Data sources differ in the types of crime for which rates are available, the rates for the same country for the same type of crime, and the sample composition of countries for which crime rates are available. Data sources include the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Crime Surveys. The major explanatory theories are modernization theory, economic inequality, and opportunity theory. The analysis considered homicide and theft offenses in 85 countries. The analysis revealed that the choice of data source affects the associations of relevant independent variables to homicide rates. In addition, these associations also differ depending on whether robbery or other types of theft is studied. Tables, notes, and 29 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Foreign crime statistics
Index Term(s): Country-by-country surveys; Criminology; Data integrity; Research methods; US/foreign comparisons
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