skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 167247 Find in a Library
Title: Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 1997
Series: BJS Bulletins
Author(s): D. K. Gilliard; A. J. Beck
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: January 1998
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Bureau of Justice Statistics Clearinghouse
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Statistics Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 179
Dept. BJS-236
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides data on the number and characteristics of inmates in Federal and State prisons as well as local jails at midyear 1997.
Abstract: The Bureau of Justice Statistics, with the U.S. Bureau of the Census as its collection agent, obtains year-end and midyear counts of prisoners from departments of correction in each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. In each of the years between the full censuses, a survey of jails is conducted to estimate baseline characteristics of the Nation's jails and the inmates housed in these jails. The findings for midyear 1997 show that between July 1, 1996, and June 30, 1997, the Nation's prison population increased 4.7 percent, less than the annual average increase of 7.7 percent since 1990. Hawaii (up 21.6 percent) recorded the largest percentage increase in prison population since midyear 1996, followed by North Dakota (up 15.5 percent) and Wisconsin (up 15.4 percent). Massachusetts, Virginia, and the District of Columbia were the only jurisdictions to record declines. At midyear 1997, approximately 436 per 100,000 U.S. residents were incarcerated in a State or Federal prison, up from 303 per 100,000 residents in 1990. On June 30, 1997, an estimated 567,079 persons were held in local jails, up from 518,492 at midyear 1996. From midyear 1996 to midyear 1997, the number of inmates held in jail increased 9.4 percent, nearly twice the average annual rate since 1990. In the year ending June 30, 1997, the capacity of the Nation's jails increased by 19,713 beds. Jails were operating at 97 percent of their rated capacity, up from 92 percent at midyear 1996. At midyear 1997, 212 of every 100,000 U.S. residents were held in local jails, up from 163 per 100,000 in 1990. 10 tables and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Inmate statistics
Index Term(s): Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS); Inmate characteristics; State-by-state analyses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.