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NCJ Number: 167262 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Homicide in Eight U.S. Cities: Trends, Context, and Policy Implications, Research in Brief
Series: NIJ Research in Brief
Author(s): P K Lattimore; J Trudeau; K J Riley; J Leiter; S Edwards
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 153
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF (Pages 1-24)|PDF (Pages 24-70)|PDF (Pages 71-144)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the methodology and findings of a research project designed to assist in refining the understanding of the dynamics of homicide patterns in eight U.S. cities.
Abstract: The study examined the extent to which demographic trends, economic conditions, drug use and drug markets, changes in firearms use, and the response of law enforcement agencies appeared to be associated with changes in homicide rates over time. Data were collected in the summer of 1996 for the period 1985-94 in eight cities. These cities were chosen for the strength of their homicide trends, so the findings cannot be generalized to other cities. In addition to studying the extant homicide data for the cities, the researchers conducted site visits and interviews. The findings show that homicides in which the victim and offender were intimates or related composed a relatively small portion of all homicides, but a sizable portion of female homicides. Guns appeared to be increasingly preferred as the means of homicide, regardless of whether the homicide rate in a city was increasing or decreasing. Homicide rates corresponded closely with cocaine use levels measured among the adult male arrestee population. Young black males, particularly those 18 to 24 years old, were greatly overrepresented among homicide victims compared to their representation in the general population. Regarding law enforcement strategies and homicide, there was anecdotal support for the effectiveness of problem-oriented policing that targeted public housing and schools, and community-oriented policing was perceived to be promising. Mandatory arrest policies for domestic violence incidents were implemented in four of the eight cities; however, most of these policies were instituted late in the study period and could not be linked to changes in homicide trends. Topics identified for future research are the links between guns, emergency medical services, and mortality rates; the spatial and temporal distribution of homicide, including the link between public housing and homicide; the effects of changes in law enforcement practices on homicide; and the influence of economic conditions on homicide trends for all large U.S. cities. Extensive figures and tables
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Demography; Drug Related Crime; Economic influences; Firearm-crime relationships; Homicide causes; Homicide trends; NIJ grant-related documents
Note: National Institute of Justice Research Report; An Intramural Project of the National Institute of Justice.
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