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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 167509 Find in a Library
Title: Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society
Editor(s): N Morris; D J Rothman
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 489
Sponsoring Agency: Oxford University Press, Inc
New York, NY 10016
Publication Number: ISBN 0-19-506153-5
Sale Source: Oxford University Press, Inc
198 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10016
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The history of corrections and punishment is reviewed in this compilation of scholarly works, and the persistent tension between the desire to punish and the hope for rehabilitation is traced.
Abstract: Goals of imprisonment have historically been incapacitation, deterrence, retribution, and reformation. Punishments that were once more common than incarceration and the historical evolution of prisons since the 19th century are examined. The review discusses bizarre death sentences in the Roman period, medieval reliance on the scaffold, and other forms of public shaming such as stocks used in Colonial America. The historical evolution of prisons and penitentiaries in Europe, England, and the United States since the 19th century is traced to demonstrate the sometimes contradictory goals of punishment and rehabilitation. The authors look at the social world of prisoners and explore various special institutions and other important aspects of prison history, including jails, reform schools, women's prisons, and political imprisonment. The book is organized in two parts: (1) prisons in history, with emphasis on the history of prisons in Europe, England, and the United States; and (2) themes and variations, with emphasis on Australian prisons, local jails, women's prisons, juvenile reform schools, political imprisonment, and the literature on confinement. References and photographs
Main Term(s): History of corrections
Index Term(s): Australia; Corrections effectiveness; Corrections in foreign countries; Deterrence effectiveness; England; Europe; Foreign correctional facilities; Foreign correctional systems; Incarceration; International Association of Suicide Prevention; Jails; Political crimes; Political offenders; Rehabilitation; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons; Women's correctional institutions
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