skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 167526 Find in a Library
Title: Unintended Consequences of Crime Prevention (From Politics and Practice of Situational Crime Prevention, P 25-56, 1996, Ross Homel, ed. -- See NCJ-167524)
Author(s): P N Grabosky
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
,
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Unintended consequences of crime prevention initiatives are reviewed, based on a typology of regressive outcomes that includes crime escalation, crime displacement, overdeterrence, and perverse incentives.
Abstract: The typology of regressive outcomes flows from crime prevention policies and includes such phenomena as escalation, overdeterrence, and the generation of perverse incentives. In the area of escalation, some strategies designed to combat crime actually produce crime. Further, some countermeasures may directly or indirectly lead to collateral damage of greater magnitude than that resulting from the target behavior. Escalation may also involve unintentional enticement, reversal of effects, labeling, and under-enforcement. Crime displacement is perhaps the most familiar unintended consequence of crime prevention. The risk that undesirable activity will be shifted into other areas has become part of conventional criminological wisdom. In some cases, crime prevention measures or threatened sanctions may have a detrimental effect on legitimate activity, thus resulting in over-deterrence. Finally, crime prevention policies may be structured in such a way as to cause perverse incentives. Moral hazard, the propensity of persons insured against risk to engage in risk-taking behavior, and vulnerability to victimization are discussed. The etiology of negative externalities is explained in terms of such parameters as planning and implementation failures. Principles and safeguards are suggested to reduce the risk of unintended consequences of crime prevention. 90 references, 21 notes, and 1 table
Main Term(s): Situational crime prevention
Index Term(s): Crime control policies; Crime Control Programs; Crime displacement; Crime prevention measures; Crime prevention planning; Deterrence effectiveness
Note: Crime Prevention Studies, Volume 5
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=167526

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.