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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 167540 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Demographic and Family Interaction Characteristics: Risk Factors for Family Abduction
Author(s): P S Plass; D Finkelhor; G T Hotaling
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: 92-MC-CX-0017
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined risk factors for family abductions, using data obtained from parents in a nationally representative sample.
Abstract: Using data from the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway and Thrownaway Children (NISMART), this study compared demographic and family interaction characteristics for a sample of abducted and non-abducted children drawn from the general population, with an aim of establishing risk factors for abduction. NISMART used a telephone household survey to obtain national data on the yearly incidence of various missing child events, including those described in this study as family abductions. The survey consisted of telephone interviews with caretakers in 10,367 randomly selected households who reported on the experiences of 20,505 children aged 17 years or younger. For this study, family abduction was defined as situations in which a family member took a child in violation of a custody agreement or decree or situations in which a family member (in violation of a custody agreement or decree) failed to return a child at the end of a legal or agreed upon visitation period, with the child being away at least one additional night. NISMART identified 142 children in 104 families who experienced family abductions. The study compared these 142 children with 845 "control" children. Findings show that young white children without siblings in relatively higher income families that have experienced some sort of violence between the adults in the household seem to be at higher risk than other children for abduction. The risk for the most serious abductions seems additionally to be greater during the period immediately following or surrounding a divorce/separation, and in families with caretakers who themselves had somewhat disrupted childhoods. Implications of these findings are discussed. 4 tables, 8 notes, and 6 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child Abduction; Domestic relations; Family offenses; Victim profiles
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