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NCJ Number: 167606 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Job Dissatisfaction and Substance Use Among Employed High School Students: The Moderating Influence of Active and Avoidant Coping Styles
Journal: Substance Use & Misuse  Volume:32  Issue:5  Dated:(April 1997)  Pages:571-585
Author(s): M R Frone; M Windle
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: K21-AA00194; R01-AA07861
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study extended prior stress-coping-substance use research among adolescents by examining the relationship between job dissatisfaction and substance use and the potential moderating influence of active and avoidant coping styles on substance use.
Abstract: Data were obtained from 446 employed high school students who worked at least 10 hours per week and who attended two relatively homogeneous, suburban high schools. Students completed questionnaires in the high school setting during the spring of 1992. Ordered-probit regression analyses revealed job dissatisfaction was positively related to cigarette and alcohol use but not to illicit drug use. Coping styles did not moderate the relationship between job dissatisfaction and substance use. Nonetheless, coping styles had significant main effect relationships to substance use. Active coping was negatively related and avoidant coping was positively related to both cigarette and alcohol use, while neither coping style was related to illicit drug use. Because the growing number of high school students in the work force indicates employment plays a major social role in influencing the health-related behaviors of individuals before they reach adulthood, the authors recommend researchers broaden their focus to consider processes associated with work roles when developing and testing etiological models of adolescent substance use. 36 references and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Employment-crime relationships; Juvenile drug abusers; Students; Suburban area studies; Tobacco use; Underage Drinking; Work attitudes
Note: DCC
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