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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 167640 Find in a Library
Title: New Image Processing Technologies Help To Fight and Prevent Crime (From Computerization in the Management of the Criminal Justice System: Proceedings of the Workshop and the Symposium on Computerization of Criminal Justice Information at the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime a
Author(s): R Franzel
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: Finland
Annotation: New technologies for image processing are aiding law enforcement in areas such as border control, traffic control, the recognition of persons, and fingerprint recognition.
Abstract: Border control in Europe will soon be aided by the use of passports developed according to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards that provides for machine-readable information about the passport holder. A computer device has been developed for police at border control positions in examining travel documents. The document is read by infrared light. Prototype systems using neuronal networks are addressing bad illumination, the different designs of different license plates, and other issues in traffic law enforcement. Personal recognition systems are being tested for entrance control. Fingerprint systems based purely on software have several advantages over traditional systems. They automatically detect the position of cores, the position of one or more deltas, characteristics of minutiae, and the number of ridges between adjacent minutiae or between core and deltas. One system can also compress the essential information of a fingerprint to 14 characters to bring that information into an ICAO travel document. Footnotes
Main Term(s): Computer aided operations
Index Term(s): Border control; Europe; Fingerprint classification; Foreign police; Personnel identification systems; Traffic law enforcement
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