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NCJ Number: 167665 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Gun Seizures on Gun Violence: "Hot Spots" Patrol in Kansas City
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:12  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1995)  Pages:673-693
Author(s): L W Sherman; D P Rogan
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 91-DD-CX-K056
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The authors tested the hypothesis that greater enforcement of existing laws against carrying concealed weapons would reduce firearms violence in Kansas City, Missouri.
Abstract: Using a quasi-experimental target beat/comparison beat design, data were obtained over a 6-month period in a 10 x 8 block area of Kansas City with a homicide rate 20 times higher than the national average. It was found that intensive police patrol near gun crime hot spots produced a 65-percent increase in the number of firearms seized by the police. Gun-related crimes declined in the target area by 49 percent, with no significant displacement to patrol beats surrounding the target area. Neither gun-related crimes nor guns seized significantly changed in the comparison beat several miles away. Further research is recommended to see if similar results can be obtained in other geographic areas and to determine if cities without Federal funding can obtain comparable results with fewer police patrol hours. 29 references, 7 footnotes, 3 tables, and 4 figures
Main Term(s): Patrol
Index Term(s): Crime displacement; Crime prevention measures; Firearm-crime relationships; Gun Control; High crime areas; Missouri; Municipal police; NIJ grant-related documents; Police crime-prevention; Police effectiveness; Urban area studies; Violence prevention; Weapons violations
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