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NCJ Number: 167667 Find in a Library
Title: Policing Drug Hot Spots: The Jersey City Drug Market Analysis Experiment
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:12  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1995)  Pages:711-735
Author(s): D. Weisburd; L. Green
Date Published: December 1995
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 90-IJ-CX-K004
Document: PDF (NIJ Fact Sheet)
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reports the results of a randomized experimental evaluation of an innovative drug law enforcement strategy in Jersey City, NJ, developed as part of the Drug Market Analysis Program.
Abstract: Using computer mapping techniques, the researchers identified 56 hot spots of drug activity that were randomized in statistical blocks to experimental and control conditions. The experimental strategy followed a stepwise approach that sought to engage business owners and citizens in crime control efforts, to apply pressure to reduce drug and drug-related activity through police crackdowns, and to initiate a maintenance program with the assistance of the police department's patrol division. In line with tactics employed by street-level narcotics units in other U.S. cities, the control strategy in Jersey City involved unsystematic arrest-oriented narcotics enforcement based on ad hoc target selection. Comparing 7-month pre/post intervention periods, the researchers found consistent and strong effects of the experimental strategy on disorder-related emergency calls for police service. Little evidence of displacement of crime control benefits to areas near experimental hot spots was observed. Data suggested a diffusion of benefits around the experimental location versus the control location. Data on selected characteristics of drug hot spots are appended. 47 references, 18 footnotes, and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Police crime-prevention
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations; Crime Control Programs; Crime displacement; Crime prevention measures; Drug law enforcement; Drug regulation; High crime areas; Municipal police; New Jersey; NIJ grant-related documents; Police effectiveness; Police statistics; Urban area studies
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