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NCJ Number: 167733 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Language Deficits in Children at High Risk for Drug Abuse
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:6  Issue:2  Dated:(1997)  Pages:69-80
Author(s): N Najam; R E Tarter; L Kirisci
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA-05605
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Children at high risk for drug abuse were compared to children at low average risk at 10-12 years of age and again at 16 years of age on tests of intellectual ability and language competence.
Abstract: The sample included 135 children at high risk for drug abuse because their fathers had lifetime substance abuse disorders and 208 children at low average risk who were recruited at the Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research in Pittsburgh. Language ability was measured using WISC-III verbal IQ subtests and the Test of Language Competence. The performance of high-risk subjects was significantly poorer than the performance of low- average-risk subjects on several measures of language ability. The magnitude of effect increased between the two testings, indicating that high-risk subjects became more impaired over time. Findings also suggested that poor language mediation, as one facet of executive cognitive functioning, was a component of the liability for substance abuse. 26 references, 2 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug abusers
Index Term(s): Children at risk; Drug abuse; Intelligence Quotient (IQ); Intelligence-crime relationships; Juvenile drug use; Parental influence; Pennsylvania
Note: DCC
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